The Indefinite Article in Modern and Ancient Greek

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The indefinite article in Greek is given in the tables below.

For the punctuation in the columns for ancient Greek read the notes following the tables.

Modern Greek Ancient Greek
Case Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ένας μια, μία ένα
Genitive ενός μιας, μίας ενός
Accusative ένα(ν) μια, μία ένα
Case Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative μερικοί μερικές μερικά
Genitive μερικών μερικών μερικών
Accusative μερικούς μερικές μερικά
Case Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative τις(2) τις τι
Genitive τινός τινός τινός
Dative τινί τινί τινί
Accusative τινά τινά τι
Case Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative τινές / ένιοι τινές / ένιαι τινά / ένια
Genitive τινω~ν / ενίων τινω~ν / ενίων τινω~ν / ενίων
Dative τισί / ενίοις τισί / ενίαις τισί / ενίοις
Accusative τινάς / ενίους τινάς / ενίας τινά / ένια

Notes on punctuation:

In the column for Modern Greek there are two forms for the feminine in the singular: they differ only in pronunciation, not meaning. The first form is written without stress mark since it is considered monosyllabic (in pronunciation the stress should be over α).

In the column for Ancient Greek, since the modern Greek character set does not include accents and breathing marks, I adopt the following scheme: Where a breathing mark is not provided, a smooth one is assumed over the vowel. The circumflex is shown with this symbol: [~] after the vowel over which it should be placed. Acute accents are shown normally, over the vowel (there are no grave accents here).


(1) Thanks to Karen McCollam for this observation, which corrects an earlier version of this page.

(2) The monosyllabic forms of this word are enclitic: their accent mark is not shown because it is carried over the last syllable of the word preceding them.

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